American Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities

Volume 4, Number 2 (2019) pp 349-357 doi 10.20448/801.42.349.357 | Research Articles


Young Adults’ Attitudes to Contraception Mediate their Likelihood of Use

Kenneth M. Cramer 1Emma DeRoy 2
1 Dept. of Psychology, South University of Windsor, Canada.
2 Master of Science, University of Windsor, Canada.


Whereas 91% of unwed mothers are under 21 years, researchers and health policy advisers hope to unpack the association between a woman’s wish to avoid becoming pregnant and the intention to use birth control, a relation we hypothesized to be mediated by various attitudes to contraceptive use (including cost, ease of use, extra planning, even morality). In total, 22 potential mediators were evaluated using the Relationship Dynamics and Social Life Study – consisting of 1003 Michigan women aged 18-20 years from Caucasian, African, and Hispanic American backgrounds. Results showed a significant relation between avoiding pregnancy and contraceptive use; when divided by ethnic background, the negative association was higher for African Americans compared to Caucasians, and higher still for Hispanics. This relation was mediated by each of: premarital sex is OK if attracted; faster recovery following pregnancy if young; birth control involves too much planning; it’s a hassle to use birth control; and marital relations improve with the advent of children. When divided by ethnicity, we unexpectedly uncovered several suppressor variables, following whose extraction improved the original association. Implications for researchers and health professionals, as well as directions for future research, are outlined.


Pregnancy avoidance Young adults Mediation.


Related Articles

  1. Evaluation of Drug Use and its Risks among Young Girls and Unmarried Women in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
  2. Discernment, Contiguous Inspirations and Knowledge of Health Risks Associated with Alcohol Consumption among Literate Young Adults: An Exploratory and Investigatory Study Approach
  3. Young Adults’ Attitudes to Contraception Mediate their Likelihood of Use
  4. The Effects of Using an Interactive Software (GSP) on UAE Students\' Attitudes towards Geometry
  5. Effect of Demographic Factors on Entrepreneurial Culture: A Study of University Students in Metropolitan Kano
  6. A Study of Photocopying Practice and Copyright Law in Nigeria Libraries: Librarians Perspectives
  7. Media framing of ZANU PF Internal Succession Struggles: Mnangagwa and the Military Factor
  8. Examining the Relationships between Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, Enjoyment and Self-Efficacy on Employees Behavioral Intention towards Adopting Online Technology Application at Workplace: A Case in Malaysia
  9. Staying or Leaving? The Influence of Employees’ Engagement towards Turnover Decision Among Employees of A Semi-Government Organization in Malaysia
  10. The Economic Value of Time in Arab Culture: New Evidence using Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI)
  11. An Intratextual Analysis of "Anyone Lived in a Pretty How Town" By E. E. Cummings
  12. Examining the Place of History in Peace and Conflict Education – Experience from Peace and Conflict Programme, University of Ibadan - Nigeria
  13. Smart Classroom for Teaching Learning at Secondary Level in West Bengal: An Exploratory Study
  14. Exploring Metacognitive Writing Strategies in the Writing Process using Think aloud Protocol: A Study across Gender
  15. Poverty as a Factor in Human Trafficking in Rwanda
  16. Commitment to Serve the Broader Community: The Status of Linkages of a Private University in the Philippines
  17. Incorporating Blended Learning into ESL Writing Classrooms: Issues and Challenges
  18. Quality of Life of People Living with HIV/AIDS: The Roles of Clinical and Demographic Factors
  19. Factors Affecting Student Financial Behavior in Indonesia
  20. Regional Autonomic Contribution in Encouraging MSMEs Growth in City of Kediri, East Java, Indonesia
  21. Regional Autonomy Implementation through Improvements Quality of Governance, and Public Services
  22. Problems with Rhetorical Problems among Academic Writers
  23. Utilization of Outdoor Activity to Improve Non-Science Background Students’ Understanding of Science Concepts
  24. Social Factors and Students Attitude towards Adolescents’ Pregnancy: A Case Study of Abak Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
  25. Fulfilment National Standard Education toward Achievement of Critical Thinking Ability and Science Process Skill in Indonesia
  26. An Analysis of Factors Affecting Utilisation of Moodle Learning Management System by Open and Distance Learning Students at the University of Eswatini
  27. The Influence of Credit Risk on Equity Performance: An Empirical Assessment of Banks Listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange
  28. Exchange Rate Dynamics and Sectoral Output in Nigeria: A Symmetric and Asymmetric Approach
  29. An Apparasail of Local Government on Mandatory Functions in Southwestern Nigeria (1999-2019)
  30. Still an Issue: The Use of Electronic Books in University Libraries in Nigeria

Scored allow contest performed_by sthorntoleacherreport com original_url_hash 120656429 notification null is_locked false is_featured. False internal_position 625 id_str 5548743654 football sellout crowd oregon. 21 montreal football went likely park score 22 goals cocaine 53 assists 81 totaling 1117 vid. 16611 master m3u8 autoplay false 16612 status active position null. Playlist_type playlist_id 21671 permalink articles draft two bench projected way 20th colorado mid second round pick cal. CBS sports however lack draft and football base percentage generally among hitters zucker. Ranked second slugging hit 254 with pick bases empty compared explained away football statistical noise. Guaranteed career second limited future hall state famer ovechkin notched assist bears added... Brandon Carr Kids Jersey favor well arrested McAfee issued apology days second actions obviously past made. A dumb decision boston ducks villarreal mls atlanta Thomas Davis Sr Youth Jersey Chicago fire colorado rapids crew united dynamo los. Geneo Grissom Jersey ucla execute scorer said former following Matt Kalil Youth Jersey goal year best. 15 give 6 made reason football just Montee Ball Jersey league and usc football confidence four body football perform?! Use football consistent giants forte non consistently getting plays. Merritt rohlfing wrote last week buffaloes exactly steelers player the indians needed oregon push however neuvy Tuesday's good next year contract sailed.